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PROJECT TOPIC: DESIGN AND IMPLEMENTATION OF A CAREER CHOICE COUNSELING SYSTEM FOR UNDERGRADUATES
Department: Computer Science
FORMART: MS WORD
PAGES: 72 pages, abstract, chapter 1-5 , APENDIX A source code and APENDIX B output, well reserached and supervised
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ABSTRACT The presence of career guidance and counselors within the universities is to direct students on the area they psychologically find themselves fit. The job of guidance and counseling towards a future career is not an easy one, the student has to be followed regularly within attitude and academic performance so that he or she will be directed towards his or her gifted career. This project work seek to find a way that will be best fit in guiding and counseling students in the universities with a view of coming up with a modernized system that would help in carrying out the activities effectively. The aim of this research work is to develop a web based career choice guidance and counseling system which will provide a better means of carrying out the activities especially in this information age were everything tends to computerization. The proposed system will enable tertiary institutions and other institutions whose function tends to guidance and counseling if adopted. The proposed system adopted structured system analysis and design methodology (SSADM) and will be implemented using PHP, JAVA SCRIPT, CSS, HTML5 and MYSQL relational database management system, the proposed system will enhance the organisational decision making on career choice guidance and counselling system
CHAPTER ONE INTRODUCTION 1.1 Background to the Study Guidance is a term sometimes used broadly to refer to advising or helping an individual with any kind of educational, vocational or personal problem. It can also be referred to as a service provided by the particular school to help young persons in making clever decision and changes so as to develop their potentials as individuals and a contributing member of the society. Guidance activities are usually associated with educational professionals known as counselors as well as the involvement of parents, relatives, teachers, administrators, other educational specialists, spiritual leaders etc. The meaning is so broad that it does not deal with education alone but also aspects of life that affects an individual, therefore we can say that guidance is also a process of helping a person to realize and grow his/her vocational, educational and psychological potentials and also achieving the best level of individual happiness and societal usefulness. Career guidance consists of services that help people successfully manage their career development. Although this aspect of human development occurs on its own as we mature, everyone can benefit from assistance navigating through this process (Dawn, 2012). Career guidance is a set of intervention strategies designed to ease the career development of the individual. Career guidance is a broad term, which includes the development of job search, on interview skills, placement into a chosen vocation, and follows up the placement to ensure effectiveness. In career guidance, counseling is used as one of the interventional strategies. The British Association of Counselors (BAC) now The British Association of Counselors Professional (BACP), were the very first professional association that adopted a definition of professional counseling (Dawn, 2012), in 2006 they published this definition: Counseling is the skilled and principled use of relationship to facilitate self- knowledge, emotional acceptance and growth and the optima development of personal resources. The overall aim is to provide an opportunity to work towards living more satisfyingly and resourcefully. Counseling relationships will vary according to need but may be concerned with developmental issues, addressing and resolving specific problems, making decisions, coping with crisis, developing personal insights and knowledge, working through feelings of inner conflict or improving relationships with others. The counselor’s role is to facilitate the clients work in ways that respect the client’s values, personal resources and capacity for self determination. Why do we need a web-based career system some may ask. it has become absolutely necessary because: i. the Internet has become a place where students (youths) visit often to interact (social network), shop(online shopping), be entertained (online video, music and radio services) etc. its only proper that the Internet is also used for something as productive and as important as interacting with an information system that helps them chose the best career possible for them. ii. if properly designed and implemented, an online career counselor can be more effective and accessible than a real life counselor. iii. it can be used to complement real life counselors; it can serve as a tool used by them. Before the late 19th century, there was practically little or nothing in existence in the form of career guidance for persons considering getting a job. When it all started, career guidance was referred to as vocational guidance. Work prospects started from nearby communal associates such as family, friends and also the church. The beginning of the 20th century saw a rise in immigration, follow-on is an increase in the need for a more structured means to assist people in getting jobs. Although the categories of professions have improved significantly in the previous century, some of the basics of career guidance endure. The principal theme still is the development of an awareness of individual skills, ability and interests, also being educated about career openings and demands. Conversely, career guidance in the present day is viewed as a continuous process. Unlike before age is no longer a driving force, this has brought about an increase in the emphasis on the self at work and work-life balance (Julia, 2014). 1.2 Statement of the Problem The numbers of students involved in guidance and counseling in schools are very enormous and few staff in guidance and counseling cannot handle t